Being the ninth largest country in the world as well as the world's largest landlocked country, Kazakhstan offers a large variety of museums and exhibitions based on the nomadic roots. The geography, customs and ancient roots of Kazakhstan make the country an important cultural and economic bridge between Asia and Europe.
The Central State Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan:
Though the current building of museum dates to 1985, the Central State Museum was established in 1930. Situated in Almaty, the new building features four large exhibition halls that exhibit the development of Kazakhstan from the early Bronze Age to the Russian Empire and the Communist period in addition to the present day. Also the Museum exhibits the beautiful collection of Kazakh handicrafts and jewellery.
The Archaeological Museum of the Kazakhstan National Academy of Sciences:
Opened in 1973, this archaeological museum features four exhibitions showcasing the development of civilization in Kazakhstan from the ancient period up to the late middle Ages. It offers an opportunity to study the continuity of Kazakh culture and traditions. There is a statue of Zhambyl Zhabayev, a famous Kazakh poet in front of museum.
Abay Qunanbaev Museum:
In 1995, Abay Qunanbaev Museum was opened in Semey to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the poet's birth. Situated in Semey city, the museum is fully devoted to the poet Abay Qunanbaev that covers all the aspects of his life. Abay Qunanbaev translated a lot of Russian works into Kazak and also introduced Kazak as a literary language.
The State Book Museum:
The State Book Museum was established in 1977 which showcases the history of Kazakh writing and book printing. Get a chance to watch over 20,000 artifacts which include rare original manuscripts, ancient drawings, current periodical editions, booklets, emblems and charts. The Museum also has a collection of the modern publications of Kazakhstan.
The A. Kasteyev State Museum of Arts:
Named after Abylkhan Kasteyev - people's artist of Kazakhstan, this museum exhibits over 20 thousands artifacts tracing the art history of the East and West from ancient to recent times. The exhibit includes paintings, graphics, sculptures and decorative arts etc. One can also watch the 200 works by Russian and Western masters which were denoted by the Russian Museum and the A. S. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. The museum is a member of International Confederation of Museums (ICOM) that offers 14 permanent, temporary and traveling exhibitions.
The Geology Museum of the Academy of Science:
Situated in a basement filled with semi-precious stones, visitors have to use elevators to go inside this unique museum. The museum not only showcases the collection of natural mineral resources and stones of Kazakhstan but is also offers some interactive computer show, demonstrating different geological processes. It also has shops selling precious stones, fragments of ancient rocks and jewellery.
The State Museum of Popular Musical Instruments:
Built in 1980, the State Museum of Popular Musical Instruments is wellknown as one of the important cultural sights of former capital. It has got a collection of Kazakh musical instruments along with personal dombras of peots, zhyrau and composers that include Abai, Zhambyl, Makhambet. Amre, Dina and many more. The museum is housed in a traditional Russian wooden building that dates back to 1907.
The Nature Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan:
Being the section of the Research Zoology institute of the Academy of Science, the nature museum offers an opportunity to know more about the Paleontology and Zoology sciences. In the Paleontology section, one can watch the skeletons of animals in petrified wood, found in Kazakhstan, dating from early geological epochs. Get amazed while watching the original skeletons of dinosaurs, giant rhinos, species of proboscideans, ancient giant pigs and many other fascinating exhibits. It also offers a large variety of birds, mammals, butterflies and other insects, snakes and reptiles inhabiting the Kazakh surroundings.
Following are some of the other famous museums in the country.