Country: Republic of Kazakhstan
Largest City: Almaty
Population: 16,455,000 (2011)
Density: 5.94/sq. km 15.39/sq mi
Area: 2,724,900 km²
Time zone: West/East (UTC+5/+6)
Language: Kazakh, Russian
Currency: Tenge (KZT)
Officially known as the Republic of Kazakhstan, the country is mostly situated in central Asia, though part of it is also located in Europe.
Additionally known as the world's largest landlocked country, Kazakhstan stretches from Siberia to the deserts of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, and from China to the Caspian Sea. It is enclosed by Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and China.
Despite Kazakhstan being ranked the ninth largest country in the world, it has not been a very well known country, until it was recently brought into the spotlight by the hit movie 'BORAT' (2006). However, this was not a true portrayal of Kazakhstan, in fact quite the opposite. The country is famous for its rich oil industry and comprises of beautiful natural landscapes.
The country also surrounds a major part of the Caspian Sea. The topography of the country is very diverse comprising of flatlands, steppes, taigas, rock-canyons, hills, deltas, mountains, snow-capped mountains, and deserts too. Kazakhstan covers two time zones and five climatic zones. The country is divided into 14 provinces. The cities of Almaty and Astana have the status of State importance and do not relate to any other province.
Astana is the capital and second largest city (behind Almaty) in the country, located in the north-central portion of Kazakhstan. The former capital of Kazakhstan, Almaty city, is situated in the south-eastern part, in a beautiful setting between mountains and plains. This largest city of the country boasts of modern architecture, wide streets, cool fountains, parks and squares as well as spectacular mountain views, particularly in spring and autumn.