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Kazakhstan, Republic of Kazakhstan » Geography

Located in central Asia, Kazakhstan occupies an area of 2,724,900km². It is the ninth largest country in the world. Also, it is the largest landlocked country globally. It borders Russia in the north, China in the east, and Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan in the south. The country has a coastline of about 1,894km (1177miles) of the Caspian Sea. Most of the part of Kazakhstan is in Asia. But a small part of the country is in Eastern Europe.

Kazakhstan mainly consists of steppe land occupied by hills and plateaus. The Kazakh Steppe (plain), with an area of around 804,500km². (310,60sq.mi.), occupies one-third of the country. The Aral Sea, Balkhash Lake, Zaysan Lake, Ural River, Ishim River, Irtysh River, Syrdariya River, Charyn River, and the Ili River are important lakes and rivers in Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan has 80km (50-miles) long and 150-300m deep Charyn Canyon that stretches itself along the Charyn River and cuts through a red sandstone plateau.


Kazakhstan experiences a continental type of climate with hot summers and cold winters. The country has got comparatively dry weather. Temperatures are mild in spring (April to June) and autumn (September to October) and rise remarkably in July (the hottest month). Snowfall is observed during November and lasts till April in the mountainous regions.


A culturally different land permits the freedom of religion. Although Islam is the main religion, the country also agrees to Orthodox Christianity and many other beliefs without restrictions. Kazakhs are the biggest group of people living in Kazakhstan. Russians occupy the second position in the country's population, followed by Germans, Tatars, Ukrainians, and Uzbeks. People of Kazakhstan speak Kazakh; Russian is also spoken in some parts.